1. Transparent tree
Thanks to the special chemical treatment of the ordinary cork tree and its further coating with epoxy resin, the scientists created a clean, biodegradable material that turned out to be 4-6 times stronger than analogs without chemical treatment.
There is even an opinion that this material can be used once as a renewable source of production of cells of solar panels, since a transparent material only partially blocks light, passing through itself a volume of about 85-90 percent. It is possible that similar materials will be used in the construction of houses of the future.
I think, among our readers, many watched the animated series “Futurama” and remember the special pipes that the townspeople move around. So, Hyperloop Transportation Technologies (HTT) is working on a similar idea, which it wants to implement.
It is a system of transportation between cities in closed vacuum pipes. Passengers, being in special capsules, will be able to travel from one city to another at a speed of about 1300 kilometers per hour. Faster than the speed of sound, it should be noted.
3. Vertical trusses
According to some forecasts, by 2050, more than 80 percent of the world’s population will live within urban centers, so for many countries the main problem will be the decision of the issue of food production. Vertical (tower) farms already find a solution for many island regions.
Using the scheme of vertical cultivation of food crops can very effectively solve the problem of free space, which is especially important, given that the cost of land rises everywhere every year. In addition, the peculiarity of the designs of such farms makes it possible to use water much more economically.
4. 3D printing
As technology becomes cheaper and more affordable for the masses, 3D printing devices are slowly becoming an integral part of modern society. Medicine, space, design, transportation – all in one way or another begin to use this technology more often and receive significant benefits from this.
Whether it’s biopicating products for medical purposes or printing materials and various mechanical parts used, for example, in engines or in new space developments – beyond 3D printing is the future. It will not be long before people will be able to create their own homes, bicycles and even cars.
5. Clever glass
Possessing the ability to become transparent and opaque, to remain strong and unbreakable and even to behave like a touch panel, a new type of glass can change our homes and workplaces beyond recognition.
The walls in such houses, if desired, can behave like windows, controlling the volume of transmitted ultraviolet radiation, heat and making our homes and transport much more energy efficient.
Designing of houses. Video games. Space exploration. Construction of new worlds. And all this in three-dimensional space. It is this future that holographic technologies promise us. Capable of supplementing our physical world with digital, this technology has a huge potential in virtually all areas known to us. It has possibilities to be used almost everywhere – schools, hospitals, casinos online you visit for play, even music concerts or places where you never imagined. Draw in the air, walk on the surface of Mars, look into the muzzle of the volcano and the center of the Earth – holograms can send us where even magic, not that science, is not capable. The possibilities will be almost limitless and directly depend only on our imagination.
7. Home robots and drones
With the active development of robotics, we are increasingly meeting with the arrival of more user-friendly home robots. The current boom of commercial drones is just the beginning. Soon, much more intelligent and more convenient machines will appear on the market.
Whether it’s something like an ASIMO robot from a Honda company dedicated to helping and communicating with people, or it’s about machines that will replace people in certain jobs (like waiters, receptionists), one thing is clear: the development of robotics is not will stop.
8. Human augmentation
Bionics changes the face of mankind. In a literal sense. The more we become dependent on machines, the sooner we approach the time when our opportunities will be an order of magnitude higher and wider than those that we possess today.
Implantation of video cameras in the eyes, improving the ability to jump higher and run faster, or even controlling electronic devices by the forces of our mind – the boundary between the machine and the person is slowly but surely becoming increasingly blurred.
9. Real Artificial Intelligence
Engineers in the sweat of work are working on creating a program that truly will be able to understand human emotions and expressions. Due to advanced achievements in facial recognition technologies, some existing AI programs are already able to understand when you are angry or sad, and some even are able to describe those events that they “see”.
All these are the first steps to creating robots that will have the ability to recognize and describe the world around them, and then share their experiences with us. Following this idea, scientists hope that one day they will be able to share this world with emotionally mature and intelligent machines.
With only a few nanometers in size, incredibly tiny machines will soon be studying human DNA and will allow us to fundamentally change the behavior properties of various materials, allowing them to be endowed with incredible strength or brittleness, depending on the goals and objectives.
These machines will be so tiny that the food for work will come from the simple rhythm of your heart or the chemical energy contained in our cells. With the help of nanotechnology, we will be able to fully monitor and develop drugs for diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease or cancer, create more efficient energy carriers, materials that are surprising in their properties, virtually eternal or destroyed only under the influence of certain light waves.